Their numbers have grown exponentially over the past century and now stand at hundreds of thousands nationwide. Yet the dissident English colonists who framed the United States Constitution would have seen this modern 'police state' as alien to their foremost principles.
America needed a new form of government. It had to be strong enough to maintain national unity over a large geographic area, but not so strong as to become a tyranny. Unable to find an exact model in history to fit America's unique situation, delegates met at Philadelphia in to create their own solution to the problem.
Their creation was the United States Constitution. Before the Constitution could become "the supreme law of the land," it had to be ratified or approved by at least nine of the thirteen states. When the delegates to the Philadelphia Convention signed the Constitution on September 17,they knew ratification would not be easy.
Many people were bitterly opposed to the proposed new system of government. A public debate soon erupted in each of the states over whether the new Constitution should be accepted.
More important, it was a crucial debate on the future of the United States. Within days after it was signed, the Constitution became the subject of widespread criticism in the New York newspapers.
Many commentators charged that the Constitution diminished the rights Americans had won in the Revolution. Fearful that the cause for the Constitution might be lost in his home state, Alexander Hamilton devised a plan to write a series of letters or essays rebutting the critics.
It is not surprising that Hamilton, a brilliant lawyer, came forward at this moment to defend the new Constitution.
At Philadelphia, he was the only New Yorker to have signed the Constitution. The other New York delegates had angrily left the Convention convinced that the rights of the people were being abandoned.
Hamilton himself was very much in favor of strengthening the central government. Hamilton soon backed away from these ideas, and decided that the Constitution, as written, was the best one possible.
He signed the articles with the Roman name "Publius. Hamilton soon recruited two others, James Madison and John Jay, to contribute essays to the series. They also used the pseudonym "Publius.
As a delegate from Virginia, he participated actively in the debates. He also kept detailed notes of the proceedings and drafted much of the Constitution. A judge and diplomat, he was serving as secretary of foreign affairs in the national government. Hamilton wrote over 60 percent of these essays and helped with the writing of others.
Madison probably wrote about a third of them with Jay composing the rest. The essays had an immediate impact on the ratification debate in New York and in the other states. By this time the identity of "Publius," never a well-kept secret, was pretty well known.
The Federalist, also called The Federalist Papers, has served two very different purposes in American history.
The 85 essays succeeded by helping to persuade doubtful New Yorkers to ratify the Constitution. Today, The Federalist Papers helps us to more clearly understand what the writers of the Constitution had in mind when they drafted that amazing document years ago.
After each selection are two kinds of activities. The first activity includes questions that should be discussed and answered by the whole class or in small groups.
If necessary, refer to a dictionary or your government textbook. The second activity after each selection is intended as an individual or homework assignment.The 14th Amendment Never Passed By Moses E.
Washington revised on 6/1/ Disclaimer The material in this essay is for educational purposes only and not to be construed as legal advice about what you should or should not do.
Jun 17, · How to Write a Constitution. In this Article: Article Summary Writing the Preamble, Name, and Purpose Writing the Rules on Membership, Meetings, and Officers Writing the Rules on Elections, Committees, and By-Laws Writing the Rules on Amendments, Ratification, and Intrepretation Community Q&A A constitution is a document that provides the rules on how an organization of .
Dbq Ratifying the Constitution Essay. Words Nov 23rd, 3 Pages. Show More. in the debates over the ratification of the U.S Constitution? In the year , early America, officials and delegates came together to form a constitution that would restore the Articles of Confederation.
The Articles of Confederation was the attempt at. With the narrow approval of the Constitution in Virginia and New York, in June and July , respectively, the Federalists seemed to have won an all-out victory.
The Articles of Confederation and Perpetual Union was the first constitution of the United States. It was drafted by the Second Continental Congress from mid through late , and ratification by all 13 states was completed by early Free ratification papers, essays, and research papers.
The Ratification of the Constitution - The Ratification of the Constitution In , the Constitution was created to replace the Articles of Confederation, because it was felt that .