Overview History of the Procedure Chinese physicians were the first to describe the technique of repairing cleft lip. The early techniques involved simply excising the cleft margins and suturing the segments together. The evolution of surgical techniques during the midth century resulted in the use of local flaps for cleft lip repair.
If some parts do not join properly, the baby is born with a cleft. A cleft of the hard and soft palate Cleft lip bilateral cleft lip A bilateral cleft lip and palate Cleft Lip A cleft lip can range from a little notch in the coloured part of the lip to a complete separation of the upper lip which can extend up and into the nose.
This can affect one side of the mouth unilateral or both sides bilateraland can be complete meaning the cleft goes up into the nose or incomplete. A cleft lip can also affect the gum where the teeth come through. Again, this can range from a small notch to a complete separation of the gum into two parts.
A unilateral one sided cleft lip A bilateral on two sides cleft lip Lily has a wide unilateral cleft lip and palate Cleft Palate A cleft palate is a gap in the roof of the mouth. The back of the palate towards the throat is called the soft palate, and the front towards the lips is called the hard palate.
A cleft can affect the soft palate or both the soft and hard palate. A baby with a cleft palate before and after surgery. Occasionally, after surgery, small holes fistulae can form, as is visible in the second image.
Sometimes a baby with a cleft palate may have a small lower jaw mandible and a few babies with this combination may have difficulties with breathing. This condition may be identified as Pierre Robin Sequence. You can have a cleft lip, a cleft palate, or a cleft lip and palate.
A cleft palate by itself is often called an isolated cleft palate. Watch the full video What causes cleft lip and palate? If you have a child with a cleft, it is very unlikely to be because of something you did or did not do. No one knows exactly what causes a cleft.
Genetics is all about things inherited from family members, like eye and hair colour. Environmental factors mean things that happen just before or during pregnancy, like taking a certain medicine or how the baby starts growing in the womb. Find out more about the causes of cleft lip and palate.
How many people have a cleft? Around one in babies are born with a cleft around the world. The NHS Cleft Teams in the UK are made up of a number of specialists from surgeons to speech therapists dedicated to providing the best possible care for people born with a cleft, from infancy through to adulthood.
Surgery is needed to close the gap left by the cleft. This will usually happen when the child is under a year old. Every cleft is unique, just like every child, so the exact treatment pathway will vary. It may include further surgery to help with issues such as speech and growth of adult teeth.
It may also include speech therapyhelp with hearingorthodontic work, etc.
The information on this site is intended to be a general guide only, and should never replace the advice you will receive from your local Cleft Team. For more information, see our overview of treatmentor go straight to our Treatment Timeline Tagged with.May 23, · Cleft lip is among the most common of congenital deformities.
The condition is due to insufficient mesenchymal migration during primary palate formation in . May 23, · Cleft lip is among the most common of congenital deformities.
The condition is due to insufficient mesenchymal migration during primary palate formation in . Cleft lip and cleft palate are openings or splits in the upper lip, the roof of the mouth (palate) or both. Cleft lip and cleft palate result when facial structures that are developing in .
Cleft lip and palate are birth defects of the mouth and lip, also known as oral-facial clefts. A normal fetus has a split lip and palate, but early in pregnancy, the sides of . A cleft lip is an opening extending through the upper lip.
It may be in the midline (center) or left and/or right side of the lip.
A cleft palate is an opening of the hard palate (the bony front portion of the roof of the mouth) or the soft palate (the muscular non-bony region in the rear of the roof of the mouth. What Is a Cleft? An orofacial (or-oh-FAY-shul) cleft is when a baby is born with an opening in the lip and/or roof of the mouth (palate).
Cleft lip and cleft palate happen is one of the most common birth defects.. Both cleft lip and cleft palate are treatable.