Allah is not God ; he is some kind of Babylonian moon god that was left over after Muhammad threw all the other idols out of Mecca. They also did worship "Allah" alongside their other gods before Muhammad threw out the idols, but that was because their religion was a syncretic mix of traditional polytheism, Judaism, and Christianity. They still worshiped the Abrahamic God, or at least a vague creator god similar to him, they just tacked on their own gods alongside him and created a new pantheon and mythology. Also, the lunar symbol Chick gets crazy about is just that, merely a symbol probably left over from Persian times.
History[ edit ] Jainism is the oldest living sramana tradition in India. In its current form it is traced to parshvanath years before mahavirthe twenty-third of tirthankaras or "fordmakers" in Jain belief.
Mahavira was born to a ruling family in the town of Vaishalilocated in the modern state of Bihar. The first tirthankara was Rishabhawho lived long before Mahavira.
Sikhism was established in the 15th century in the state of Punjab in North India. Although born into a Hindu household in in the Punjab region, Guru Nanak challenged existing practices and is considered the founder of the new faith.
The Guru loved to travel and observe concepts and ideas regarding spiritual practices of various faiths. At the heart of his message was a philosophy of universal love, devotion to God. By the time he had left this world he had founded a new religion of "disciples" shiksha or sikh that followed his example.
Lineage of teachers[ edit ] The 24th tirthankara of the Jain community was Mahavira, the last in a series who lived in East India. Mutual Cooperation[ edit ] Author Khushwant Singh notes that many eminent Jains admired the Sikh gurus and came to their help in difficult times.
In his hukamnamas sent from Assam, the guru referred to Patna as guru-ka-ghar, meaning "home of the guru". Diwan Todar Mal donated his own family gold to purchase a small piece of land to cremate the young sons of the guru.
A large hall of the gurdwara honours the builder by being named after him: The release of 52 Rajas from the fort of Gwalior is attributed to this Guru.
The majority of Sikhs believe that in Sikhism, eating meat is left up to the individual's conscience, as it will not affect spirituality.
Khushwant Singh also notes that most Sikhs are meat-eaters and decry vegetarians as daal khorey lentil-eaters. On the views that eating vegetation would be eating flesh, first Sikh Guru Nanak states: It is water where life originated and it is water that sustains all life.
It is water that produces grains, sugarcane, cotton and all forms of life. After cutting away its branches, its feet are bound together into bundles, and then, it is placed between the wooden rollers and crushed.
What punishment is inflicted upon it! Its juice is extracted and placed in the cauldron; as it is heated, it groans and cries out. And then, the crushed cane is collected and burnt in the fire below.
On asceticism Guru Nanak stated: Asceticism doesn't lie in the earring, nor in the shaven head, nor blowing a conch. Asceticism lies in remaining pure amidst impurities. Asceticism doesn't lie in mere words; He is an ascetic who treats everyone alike. Asceticism doesn't lie in visiting burial places, It lies not in wandering about, nor in bathing at places of pilgrimage.
Asceticism is to remain pure amidst impurities. Jains, too, place high regard in prayers and meditation. Sikhs reject the caste system and promote social and gender equality, as the soul is the same for both men and women.
All are equal in the eyes of God. God is accessible without priests or a middle person. Sikhs and Jains, like Hindus, are expected to be tolerant of all faiths and do not believe that any one path has a monopoly on the Truth. There are many paths to seek out the Love of God and incur Divine Grace.
In fact to call another's path inferior is a sign of ignorance and intolerance. Both personal devotion and communal prayers are a part of Sikh's way of life.
Concept of God[ edit ] See also: God in Jainism and God in Sikhism Jains do not believe in the concept of a God head responsible for the manifestation of the Creation.CBSE class 6 social science covers when, where and how, the earliest societies, the first farmers and herders, the first cities, different ways of life, early states, new ideas, the first empire, life in towns and villages, contacts with distant lands, political developments, culture and science.
Jainism: The religion Jainism is a very caring community.
They believe and care for the universes health, and that animals and plants are living souls and should be treated equally. , MWF , Crosby. World History to This course covers world history from prehistory to circa CE, focusing on economic, social, political, and cultural aspects of people before the onset of western dominance and identifying major patterns and trends which characterized the world in each era.
Discovering The Urantia Book "There is in the mind of God a plan which embraces every creature of all his vast domains, and this plan is an eternal purpose of boundless opportunity, unlimited progress, and endless life.
Comparisons and Contrast 2 Both Jainism and Daoism (Taoism) have ancient roots going back a few thousand years.
Statues and yogic seals found in the Indus Valley show that Jainism was practiced by civilizations as far back as around BCE, while Daoism appears to .
Sati or suttee is an obsolete funeral custom where a widow immolates herself on her husband's pyre or takes her own life in another fashion shortly after her husband's death..
Mention of the practice can be dated back to the 3rd century BCE, while evidence of practice by widows of kings only appears beginning between the 5th and 9th centuries .