Patient Handouts Summary The pancreas is a large gland behind the stomach and close to the first part of the small intestine. It secretes digestive juices into the small intestine through a tube called the pancreatic duct. The pancreas also releases the hormones insulin and glucagon into the bloodstream.
Liver disease affects approximately 3 million people in the United States and is responsible for 1. Disease summary pancreatitis there are many types of liver disease, all of them tend to involve a similar progression of liver damage. Common liver diseases, which will be covered in this section, include: Overview Liver disease can be genetic inheritedcaused by an infection such as hepatitis B and Cor caused by other factors that damage the liver, such as viruses, alcohol use, and obesity.
Women are nine times more likely than men to develop primary biliary cholangitis PBCa chronic long-term liver disease caused by destruction of the bile ducts in the liver.
Bile is a liquid that helps in the digestion of fats and fatty vitamins. Primary sclerosing cholangitis PSC is a chronic disease that slowly causes bile ducts to become blocked, forcing bile to accumulate in the liver, where it gradually damages liver cells. Non-alcoholic steatohepatitis NASH is a fatty liver disease that occurs in people who drink little or no alcohol.
Chronic alcoholism is the leading cause of cirrhosis, a condition in which the liver is permanently damaged and cannot function properly. Pancreatitis, which is an inflammation of the pancreas, has two forms: Acute pancreatitis occurs suddenly and usually resolves within a few days of treatment.
Chronic pancreatitis, on the other hand, does not improve over time. Natural History Left untreated, autoimmune hepatitis can lead to cirrhosis and liver failure. PBC typically progresses slowly over a period of years. While there is no cure for PBC, adhering to a medication regimen and maintaining a healthy lifestyle can slow disease progression and allow people to live longer without complications.
PSC advances very slowly. Liver failure may occur approximately years after diagnosis, although for some PSC patients, this may take longer. Although most people with NASH experience no symptoms, the disease can nevertheless be severe and lead to cirrhosis.
Untreated cirrhosis results in liver failure, in which the liver will not be able to function well or at all. Acute pancreatitis can develop into chronic pancreatitis if pancreatic tissue is permanently destroyed and scarring develops.
Etiology and Disease Pathogenesis In patients with autoimmune hepatitis, the immune system attacks their liver cells. Heredity and prior infections may play a role in this immune system reaction. Genetic factors may also be involved. The underlying cause of NASH is not clear and can occur without any apparent risk factor.
Cirrhosis is caused by chronic liver diseases that result in liver tissue damage. The most common causes of cirrhosis are chronic alcoholism and chronic viral hepatitis. Common causes of pancreatitis include gallstones and heavy alcohol use. Identifying Patients A diagnosis of autoimmune hepatitis is confirmed through blood tests and a liver biopsy.
Because many people with PBC and PSC have no symptoms, the diseases are often discovered through abnormal results on routine liver blood tests.
NASH is usually first suspected when a person is found to have elevations in liver tests. The only means of distinguishing NASH from simple fatty liver is by performing a liver biopsy. Cirrhosis is diagnosed by a physical examination, medical history, and blood tests.
A liver biopsy may be needed to assess the extent of liver damage.Polycystic kidney disease is a disorder that affects the kidneys and other organs. Clusters of fluid-filled sacs, called cysts, develop in the kidneys and interfere with their ability to filter waste products from the blood.
The growth of cysts causes the kidneys to become enlarged and can lead to kidney failure. Disease summary: Pancreatitis is a common inflammatory disorder of the pancreas 1.
There are a variety of disorders of the pancreas including acute pancreatitis 2, chronic pancreatitis 3, hereditary pancreatitis, and pancreatic cancer. Much has been written on the topic of stress & disease, below is summary to help guide you throughout Swim Bladder Disease prevention and identification.
Please feel free to send any comments or suggestions to Ask An Expert. Dizziness may result from neck painNeck pain often accompanies dizziness, but it may be difficult to tell whether the dizziness and the neck pain are related or just coincidental.
Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD), also known as acid reflux, is a long-term condition in which stomach contents rise up into the esophagus, resulting in troublesome (as defined by the individual) symptoms, complications, or both.
Symptoms include the taste of acid in the back of the mouth, heartburn, bad breath, chest pain, vomiting, breathing problems, and wearing away of the teeth. INTRODUCTION.
Acute pancreatitis is an acute inflammatory process of the pancreas. Mortality ranges from 3 percent in patients with interstitial edematous pancreatitis to 17 percent in patients who develop pancreatic necrosis .This topic reviews the management of acute pancreatitis.