In this article the four main branches of philosophy will be discussed as an overview to aid in understanding the importance of philosophy as a teacher, educator, parent, or student. The word philosophy is derived from two Greek words. Each individual has an attitude toward life, children, politics, learning, and previous personal experiences that informs and shapes their set of beliefs.
Introduction Knowledge Traditionally, the term "philosophy" referred to any body of knowledge. Newton's " Mathematical Epistemology metaphysics axiology philoosophy of education of Natural Philosophy " is classified in the s as a book of physics; he used the term " natural philosophy " because it used to encompass disciplines that later became associated with sciences such as astronomymedicine and physics.
Metaphysical philosophy "logic" was the study of existencecausation, Godlogicforms and other abstract objects "meta ta physika" lit: Natural philosophy has split into the various natural sciences, especially astronomy, physics, chemistry, biology, and cosmology.
Moral philosophy has birthed the social sciences, but still includes value theory including aesthetics, ethics, political philosophy, etc.
Metaphysical philosophy has birthed formal sciences such as logic, mathematics and philosophy of science, but still includes epistemology, cosmology and others. Philosophical progress Many philosophical debates that began in ancient times are still debated today.
Colin McGinn and others claim that no philosophical progress has occurred during that interval.
In that sense, all cultures and literate societies ask philosophical questions such as "how are we to live" and "what is the nature of reality". A broad and impartial conception of philosophy then, finds a reasoned inquiry into such matters as reality, morality and life in all world civilizations.
Socrates was a very influential philosopher, who insisted that he possessed no wisdom but was a pursuer of wisdom. The Ancient era was dominated by Greek philosophical schools which arose out of the various pupils of Socrates, such as Platowho founded the Platonic Academy and his student Aristotle founding the Peripatetic schoolwho were both extremely influential in Western tradition.
Important topics covered by the Greeks included metaphysics with competing theories such as atomism and monismcosmologythe nature of the well-lived life eudaimoniathe possibility of knowledge and the nature of reason logos.
With the rise of the Roman empireGreek philosophy was also increasingly discussed in Latin by Romans such as Cicero and Seneca.
Medieval philosophy 5th — 16th century is the period following the fall of the Western Roman Empire and was dominated by the rise of Christianity and hence reflects Judeo-Christian theological concerns as well as retaining a continuity with Greco-Roman thought.
Problems such as the existence and nature of Godthe nature of faith and reason, metaphysics, the problem of evil were discussed in this period. Some key Medieval thinkers include St.
Philosophy for these thinkers was viewed as an aid to Theology ancilla theologiae and hence they sought to align their philosophy with their interpretation of sacred scripture. This period saw the development of Scholasticisma text critical method developed in medieval universities based on close reading and disputation on key texts.
The Renaissance period saw increasing focus on classic Greco-Roman thought and on a robust Humanism. The 20th century saw the split between Analytic philosophy and Continental philosophyas well as philosophical trends such as PhenomenologyExistentialismLogical PositivismPragmatism and the Linguistic turn.
Middle Eastern philosophy See also: Islamic philosophy and Middle Eastern philosophy The regions of the fertile CrescentIran and Arabia are home to the earliest known philosophical Wisdom literature and is today mostly dominated by Islamic culture. Early wisdom literature from the fertile crescent was a genre which sought to instruct people on ethical action, practical living and virtue through stories and proverbs.
In Ancient Egyptthese texts were known as sebayt 'teachings' and they are central to our understandings of Ancient Egyptian philosophy. Babylonian astronomy also included much philosophical speculations about cosmology which may have influenced the Ancient Greeks.In Western philosophy, metaphysics has become the study of the fundamental nature of all reality — what is it, why is it, and how are we can understand barnweddingvt.com treat metaphysics as the study of “higher” reality or the “invisible” nature behind everything, but instead, it's the study of all of reality, visible and invisible.
Treatise on Basic Philosophy, 8 volumes on semantics, ontology, epistemology, philosophy of science and technology, and axiology and ethics (Reidel, ). La science, sa methode et sa philosophie.
An educational philosophy consists of the beliefs and principles that guide your pedagogical practice. Traditionally philosophy addresses fundamental questions regarding metaphysics, epistemology, logic, axiology. In education . Sep 08, · Metaphysics deals with coherent questions, in this way it may relate to education, for example, religious education or the study of "world systems" ex.
sociology [although they do badly] Epistemology is the study of the mind ala Descartes and theoretically relates to Status: Resolved.
Scottish philosopher whose sceptical philosophy restricted human knowledge to that which can be perceived by the senses () United States pragmatic philosopher who advocated progressive education () metaphysics. the philosophical study of being and knowing. methodology. An educational philosophy consists of the beliefs and principles that guide your pedagogical practice.
Traditionally philosophy addresses fundamental questions regarding metaphysics, epistemology, logic, axiology.
|Report Abuse||The work dramatically rejects the tradition of Western thought with its notions of truth and God, good and evil. Pirsig In his autobiographical first novel, Pirsig wrestles both with the ghost of his past and with the most important philosophical questions of the 20th century.|
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|Back to basics approach. Adler Existentialism - Focus is on helping the students understand and appreciate themselves as unique individuals.|
|Learning, Technology and Educational Transformation: Ed. Philosophy||Education Theory Epistemology and Learning Theories Epistemology basic is a branch of philosophy that investigates the origin, nature, methods, and limits of human knowledge.|
In education this also tends to include ethics and aesthetics.