This stage mainly focuses on work and parenting. Adults often feel the need to create or nurture things that will outlive or last longer than them, usually having children or having a positive change that will benefit others around them. Success of this stage can lead to feelings of accomplishment and of being worthy or usefulness; meanwhile, failure can result in limited or no involvement with others around them.
How to Write a Summary of an Article? Erik Erikson The aim of this essay is to select a major theorist and discuss their contribution to the cognitive and social development in childhood.
Erik Erikson was one of the most distinguished theorists of the 20th century. He discovered and developed psychosocial theory. Throughout this essay I will discuss stages one to four which occur during childhood years old.
Erik Erikson was born on June 15thin Frankfurt Germany. When Erikson finished school he left home and moved to Florence to pursue his interest in art and enrolled in Baden State Art School. A year later, he moved to Vienna where he became an art teacher in a psychoanalytic school for children run by Dorothy Burlingham and Anna Freud who was the daughter of Sigmund Freud.
While in Vienna, he also took classes in the University of Vienna which led him to receive a certificate in the Montessori Method Puckett and Diffily, This move changed his life and career. When Erikson met Anna Freud he became interested in psychology which led him to study psychoanalysis. He was influenced by the work of Freud and this turned his career towards the study of children and their development Salkind, Erikson suggested that at each stage there is a different sort of conflict or crises that arises between the individual and relationships with others.
He believed that each crisis must be resolved successfully for the individual to be prepared for the next life crisis. A negative or positive outcome of how the crisis is resolved leads to the change and development of the individual Shaffer, This stage takes place from birth to one year.
The basic idea of the first stage is for the infant to develop trust. The infant is completely dependent on the caregiver and relies on them to meet their needs. By providing the child with consistent care, the caregiver helps them to develop self-trust and the ability to trust others and their environment Essa, They then move through future stages with this sense of mistrust, seeing the world as threating place filled with unreliable or untrustworthy people.
Teachers working with infants take particular care to provide a predictable environment and consistent caregiving. Babies are completely dependent on adults to meet their needs.
Therefore, it is very important that they are nurtured by admirable, positive adults who are affectionate and sensitive in response to the babies needs as soon as they occur. The infant can then start to develop a sense of trust in the world that will support their growth into the next stage Gordon and Browne, The second stage of life is known as Autonomy versus Doubt.
This occurs from two to three years of age. According to Erikson during the second year of life toddlers begin to assert both their motor and cognitive abilities by trying to become more independent.Erikson’s Theory – Essay Sample.
The psychological theory of Erik Erikson is based not only on the age criteria, but also includes behavioral and social, mental and somatic components. Erickson’s model represents the sequence of eight stages, including the development of crises that .
ERIK ERIKSON THEORY Essay Erikson was a Introduction: Erik Erikson - Biography Erik Erikson is a developmental psychologist who is well-known for his two theories about Stages of Psychosocial development and Identity Crisis.
He was born on June 15, , in Frankfurt, Germany. Intimacy versus isolation is the sixth stage of Erik Erikson's theory of psychosocial development. This stage takes place during young adulthood between the ages of approximately 18 to 40 yrs. How to Write a Psychology Essay PDF version Printer-friendly Email this page.
Article Content. Psychosocial Stages 1.
Trust vs. Mistrust 2. . Eriksons Eight Stages Of Psychosocial Development Psychology Essay. Print Reference this. Disclaimer: Erikson’s eight stages of psychosocial development.
Erik Erikson believed that childhood is very important in personality development. He developed a theory of psychosocial development that covers an entire life.
But Erik Erikson. Introduction: Erik Erikson - Biography Erik Erikson is a developmental psychologist who is well-known for his two theories about Stages of Psychosocial development and Identity Crisis.
The following literature review focuses on Erik Erikson's ideas as it critically analyses his psychosocial theory of human development by examining the eight stages of man, the key concepts within his theory, discussing the strengths, weaknesses and criticisms associated with his theory then concluding with the effectiveness of Erikson's theory in /5(16). Introduction: Erik Erikson - Biography Erik Erikson is a developmental psychologist who is well-known for his two theories about Stages of Psychosocial development and Identity Crisis. He was born on June 15, , in Frankfurt, Germany. May 01, · Erik Erikson Essay; Erik Erikson Essay. Stages of Development: Erikson vs. Freud. Introduction Erik Erikson has made a contribution to the field of psychology with his developmental theory. He is a German psychoanalyst. Erikson said that humans develop throughout the life span. Erikson developed eight psychosocial theory stages that humans.
He was born on June 15, , in Frankfurt, Germany. Lastly, Erikson’s stages of psychosocial development by Erik Erikson was developed which encompassed the whole human life.
Each stage in his theory is presented with conflict whose success or failure impacts on the personality (Muzi, ).