A key issue in managing globalization is therefore how we organise the global investmentand labour markets to meet the needs of flexibility for enterprises, security for workers and quality for consumers. We need new proactive policies that focus directly on how authorities in the public and private sphere can blend economic and social policies with an enabling environment for private initiative to create market opportunities for Decent Work. I am sure they would get it not just for economics, but also for peace in the world. I think the greedy corporate owners have to be confronted with the fact that they are ignoring their most powerful resource -- their workers.
Cultural Relations and Policies - Globalization and the cold war Photo by: The United Globalization and war became the virtual inheritor of European civilization, emerging as the strongest and richest country in the world, capable of supporting the arts and financing scholarly and artistic undertakings.
European refugees enriched America's cultural life. For the first time it could be said that American art was in the vanguard of modern art, not a pale reflection of European works.
The same was true of literature and music. Unlike the period after World War I, however, there was much less self-consciousness about American culture. It was assumed as a matter of course, rather than asserted as a matter of principle, that American artists, novelists, and musicians were engaged in creative work that had relevance to the contemporary world as a whole.
Europeans looked to the United States to discern artistic and literary trends. Moreover, American troops stationed in most parts of Europe transmitted American popular culture and lifestyles to the Old World. It became important for European intellectuals to study in the United States if they wished to keep abreast of developments in scholarship.
The impact on the non-Western world was no less great. American influence was transmitted through soldiers, officials, and businessmen who were scattered throughout Africa, the Middle East, and Asia. Consciously or unconsciously, they contributed to a deeper cultural involvement of America in other lands.
America came to stand for what was fashionable and up-to-date. At the same time, Americans abroad collectively and individually increased their nation's awareness of other cultures and contributed to a greater appreciation of non-Western traditions.
Many who were trained during the war as language specialists and intelligence officers retained their interest in foreign countries, and some of them became leaders in the postwar development of "area studies.
There was also a flood of non-Europeans to the United States as war brides, students, and visitors. Through them Americans came into contact with non-Western ways of life. This flowering of cultural relations after World War II was in many ways a culmination of the globalizing trend that had begun in the nineteenth century.
Globalization had connected different parts of the world closer together; it had also manifested itself in imperialism. It had often provoked fierce opposition on the part of nations and individuals that wished to preserve their traditional loyalties and ways of life. In many ways the atomic bombs that brought World War II to conclusion also ended such opposition in the sense that war from now on came to be seen as truly global, something that was to be avoided at all cost if civilization were to survive.
This meant that military conflict and confrontation would come to constitute a lesser part of international relations than earlier. To be sure, the estrangement among the victorious powers afterknown as the Cold War, did become a pervasive phenomenon and defined one facet of world affairs for nearly half a century.
But it would be misleading to subordinate all other phenomena to the geopolitical confrontation. For the Cold War failed to prevent another, even more substantive development, globalization, from gaining momentum after World War II.
And globalization was fundamentally a nongeopolitical phenomenon. It would appear that the old opposition between globalization, on one hand, and local identities, on the other, gave way to the virtually universal forces of global interdependence and interpenetration after World War II.
These forces were economic, social, and cultural. Modernization provided one easily recognizable framework to comprehend this phenomenon.This may be just the beginning, a trial balloon so to speak, for more protection measures to follow.
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Why It Matters. Increasingly, businesses must recognize that their success depends on efficiency and scalability – being able to quickly mobilize global resources and reach world markets. Globalization is the key to growing businesses in the 21st Century. Dec 30, · With Afghanistan and Iraq already lost, the Wall Street bankers were all desperately looking for other ways to control our world, when suddenly and .
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