Key functions of airlines

The Air Commerce Act of May 20,is the cornerstone of the federal government's regulation of civil aviation. This landmark legislation was passed at the urging of the aviation industry, whose leaders believed the airplane could not reach its full commercial potential without federal action to improve and maintain safety standards. The Act charged the Secretary of Commerce with fostering air commerce, issuing and enforcing air traffic rules, licensing pilotscertifying aircraft, establishing airways, and operating and maintaining aids to air navigation. The newly created Aeronautics Branch, operating under the Department of Commerce assumed primary responsibility for aviation oversight.

Key functions of airlines

See Your Ad Here Organizational Structure of the Airline Industry US scheduled airlines are classified by the government on the basis of the amount of revenue generated from operations. These classifications are major, national and regional.

All airlines hold two certificates from the federal government: Types of Airline Certification U. Basically, the certificate establishes that the carrier has the financing and the management in place to provide scheduled service.

The certificate typically authorizes both passenger and cargo service.

Structure of the Airline Industry

Some airlines, however, obtain only cargo-service authority. Operating certificates, on the other hand, are issued by the Federal Aviation Administration FAA under Part of the Federal Aviation Regulations FARswhich spell out numerous requirements for operating aircraft with 10 or more seats.

The requirements cover such things as the training of flight crews and aircraft maintenance programs. Previously called trunk carriers, they generally provide nationwide, and in some cases, worldwide service.

There are many major U. In addition, some cargo airlines are classified as majors like: FedEx and United Parcel Service.

Many of the airlines in this category serve particular regions of the country, although some provide long-haul and even international Key functions of airlines. Among the nationals are some of the former local service lines that, prior to deregulation, were licensed by the Civil Aeronautics Board CAB to operate between major cities and smaller communities surrounding them.

Also in this category are some of the former supplemental carriers, previously licensed by the CAB to operate unscheduled charter service, which supplemented the capacity of the trunk carriers.

Like the majors, nationals operate mostly medium- and large-sized jets. This has been one of the fastest growing and most profitable segments of the industry since deregulation.

Regional carriers are divided into three sub-groups: There is no official revenue definition of a small regional. What distinguishes them as a group, more than anything else, is the size of the aircraft they operate. All have less than 61 seats, which means they do not require a fitness certificate from DOT; DOT only requires that they register their service and make certain annual reports to the department under Section of the DOT economic regulations.

Cargo Carriers Within the categories of major, national and regional airlines are, not only passenger carriers, but cargo carriers as well. While much of the cargo that moves by air is carried in the bellies of passenger jets or in combination aircraft where the main deck is divided into two sections, one for cargo and one for passengers; other aircraft in use by principally all cargo carriers, called freighters, carry nothing but freight.

Freighters are, most often, passenger jets that have been stripped of their seats to maximize cargo-carrying capacity. In addition, their decks are reinforced to accommodate heavier loads, and they typically have other cargo-handling features, such as rollers, built into the floors, extra-large doors, and hinged nose and tail sections.

DOT has a special fitness review procedure for all-cargo carriers, but most of the large ones hold a certificate of public convenience and necessity. Among the largest cargo carriers are companies that began in the small package and overnight document-delivery business.

These are the integrated carriers, so called because they offer door-to-door service, combining the services of the traditional airline and the freight forwarder. Line personnel generally fall into three broad categories: It schedules the aircraft and flight crews and it develops and administers all policies and procedures necessary to maintain safety and meet all FAA operating requirements.

Key functions of airlines

It is in charge of all flight-crew training, both initial and recurrent training for pilots and flight attendants, and it establishes the procedures crews are to follow before, during and after each flight to ensure safety. Dispatchers also are part of flight operations.

Structure of the Airline Industry Where Should Aerospace Companies Invest?
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Structure of the Airline Industry The United Airlines app is your one stop solution to everything you need from booking flights, to scanning your boarding pass or checking your flight status. Loaded with all the information regarding United Airlines, this app is accessible on-the-go and easy to use.
Alaska Airlines Expands Facility Hub at Seattle, Washington Airport - Area Development This landmark legislation was passed at the urging of the aviation industry, whose leaders believed the airplane could not reach its full commercial potential without federal action to improve and maintain safety standards. The Act charged the Secretary of Commerce with fostering air commerce, issuing and enforcing air traffic rules, licensing pilotscertifying aircraft, establishing airways, and operating and maintaining aids to air navigation.
Recent Posts Now they have become Essential for the modern day of transportation system the objective of this topic is to make the student aware of it operation and also its management.

Their job is to release flights for takeoff, following a review of all factors affecting a flight. These include the weather, routes the flight may follow, fuel requirements and both the amount and distribution of weight onboard the aircraft. Weight must be distributed evenly aboard an aircraft for it to fly safely.

Called major maintenance stations, these facilities perform routine maintenance and stock a large supply of spare parts. A third level of inspection and repair capability is maintained at airports, where a carrier has extensive operations, although less than at its hubs.Airlines management which is spread to various, functions, department and sub department.

It is also deal with the various key functions and also the support functions of the air carriers. This Module has been divided into the following chapters 1 Airlines functional activities This chapter covers the function of the airlines and its product.

The new building will be across the street from Alaska's Corporate Headquarters and adjacent to its Flight Training Center, providing office space for approximately Alaska employees in technology, System Operations Control and other key functions. The Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) of the United States is a national authority with powers to regulate all aspects of civil aviation.

These include the construction and operation of airports, air traffic management, the certification of personnel and aircraft, and the protection of U.S. assets during the launch or re-entry of. Key Functions of Airlines; Key Functions of Airlines.

Words Jul 15th, 73 Pages. AIR CARRIER PLANNING & OPERATION MANAGEMENT Objective Airlines are no more used by the rich. Now they have become Essential for the modern day of transportation system the objective of this topic is to make the student aware of it operation and also its. Key Functions of Airlines; It is also deal with the various key functions and also the support functions of the air carriers.

This Module has been divided into the following chapters 1Airlines functional activities This chapter covers the function of the airlines and its product. The Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) of the United States is a national authority with powers to regulate all aspects of civil aviation.

These include the construction and operation of airports, air traffic management, the certification of personnel and aircraft, and the protection of U.S.

assets during the launch or re-entry of.

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