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August 9, From ecology to molecular biology, the science of biology studies them all.
Luka Skywalker Shutterstock Biology is the science of life. Its name is derived from the Greek words "bios" life and "logos" study. Biologists study the structure, function, growth, origin, evolution and distribution of living organisms. There are generally considered to be at least nine "umbrella" fields of biology, each of which consists of multiple subfields.
It is impossible to study zoology without knowing a great deal about evolution, physiology and ecology. You can't study cellular biology without knowing biochemistry and molecular biology as well.
Framework of understanding All the branches of biology can be unified within a framework of five basic understandings about living things. Studying the details of these five ideas provides the endless fascination of biological research: There are three parts to cell theory — the cell is the basic unit of life, all living things are composed of cells, and all cells arise from pre-existing cells.
All living things require energy, and energy flows between organisms and between organisms and the environment. All living things have DNA and genetic information codes the structure and function of all cells.
All living things must maintain homeostasis, a state of balanced equilibrium between the organism and its environment. This is the overall unifying concept of biology. Evolution is the change over time that is the engine of biological diversity. Biology and other sciences Biology is often studied in conjunction with other sciences, such as mathematics and engineering, and even social sciences.
Here are a few examples: Biophysics involves matching patterns in life and analyzing them with physics and mathematics, according to the Biophysical Society. Astrobiology is the study the evolution of life in the universe, including the search for extraterrestrial life, according to NASA.
Biogeography is the study of the distribution and evolution of life forms and the causes of the distribution, according to Dartmouth College.
Biomathematics involves creating mathematical models to better understand patterns and phenomena within the biology world, according to North Carolina State University.
Bioengineering is the application of engineering principles to biology principles and vice versa, according the University of California Berkeley. Sociologists often study how biology can shape social structures, cultures, and interactions, according to the American Sociological Association.
History of biology Our fascination with biology has a long history. Even early humans had to study the animals they hunted and know where to find the plants they gathered for food. The invention of agriculture was the first great advance of human civilization. Medicine has been important to us from earliest history as well.
The earliest known medical texts are from China B. In classical times, Aristotle is often considered to be the first to practice scientific zoology. He is known to have performed extensive studies of marine life and plants. His student, Theophrastus, wrote one of the West's earliest known botanical texts in B.
The Roman physician Galen used his experience in patching up gladiators for the arena to write texts on surgical procedures in A.
During the Renaissance, Leonardo da Vinci risked censure by participating in human dissection and making detailed anatomical drawings that are still considered among the most beautiful ever made.
Invention of the printing press and the ability to reproduce woodcut illustrations meant that information was much easier to record and disseminate.Mathematics. Mathematics is the study and application of arithmetic, algebra, geometry, and barnweddingvt.comatical methods and tools, such as MATLAB® and Mathematica®, are used to model, analyze, and solve diverse problems in a range of fields, including biology, computer science, engineering, finance, medicine, physics, and the social sciences..
Important subareas of mathematics . If you are excited about the diversity of life, all the way from cells through ecosystems, then Biology may be the major for you!
Students in the Biology program have the opportunity to study at so many levels. Mathematics and many of its aspects are a major part of everyday life. We spend the majority of our school years studying and learning the concepts of it. The History and Purpose of the Application of Mathematics in the Field of Biology PAGES 5.
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