Art of the Middle Paleolithic The Middle Paleolithic spans the period fromto 50, years ago.
I haven't heard of nor seen the horn you write about. I would love to see a picture of it, even measurements as well, if they are available.
My fax is I doubt if the Larousse book you mention is in our library. I own only the Larousse Int'l Illus. What is "obvious" to us I am frequently reminded must be carefully examined for bias. Even whether this ancient bone is a flute has been denied.
To me, it's obviously a flute. But I've been forced to defend the obvious as if it wasn't obvious. Perhaps the horn could be denied as a flute as well, unless we can defend the obvious there as well. As far as the open-closed ends issue goes, Match 2 in the essay assumes an open-ended flute.
Match 1 in the essay considers that it could have been a closed flute. The normal length of a femur is quite long. So we felt it was reasonable to assume that it was not part of a short ocarina type instrument. We'll never know unless they find the rest of the object.
Where I deal with issues of "could have been" is where I tried my best to obtain reasonably accurate probabilities for certain statements in this essay.
What I have held as conclusive in the essay is that the holes are consistent with those of a diatonic scale scale IF the flute is long enough. What I held as probable is that the hole spacing reflects not so much an ocarina or 4 or 5 note scale with a half-tone or other pitch if it was a short flutebut a larger scale, likely parallel to the diatonic scale.
I can't conclude this, but hold it probable for reasons examined in some of the correspondence note: There I pointed to the widespread cross-cultural fact of pentatonic and 7-note diatonic scales in our own history and the acoustic basis for these scales as justification for the probabilities being higher regarding the Neanderthal bone matching a diatonic rather than matching a more obscure or hitherto unknown scale.
I held match 2 as probable open-end minor scale over match 1 major, closed endbecause removing marrow is easier when the ends are broken off rather than drilling holes when marrow is still in the bone, and sucking it out. And also because the dimensions of the fit are closer to an acoustic scale than the dimensions of match 1.
Besides, how on earth could one measure these effects without the entire bone? Having said that, I and my partner, Mike Finley, nevertheless would be interested in receiving copies of the work and experiments you've done or a summary of it on these matters as we certainly have developed a need to understand this ever since we embarked on this essay.
Someday, I expect a replica will be made of the old bone 43, yrs old, current estimate. At various lengths, it will be blown, and we'll see what the pitches really are. The best I could do was to simply work with the hole spacings translated onto a straight irish flute tin whistle barrel.
It IS "as if there has been some sort of taboo on the subject. That non-literate societies' music will be also be branded "primitive" or judged "inferior" against some evolutionary time-line of progressive change toward "final perfection.
But to little avail. Anyway, the word "origin" implies an evolution and comparisons that they'd rather resist; And they also add: It's all speculative and we weren't there, and can never really know anyway.
The real characterization is this:In order for us to reduce getting spam from junk-mailer programs, click on the e-mail button, and then before e-mailing us, remove the '+' symbol from our address to make sure you reach us.
The style of the Venus of Willendorf is appropriate for her time period because most early pre-historic art consists of small figurines of nude women with little or no emphasis on facial features, which are exactly the characteristics of the Venus of Willendorf.
The Venus of Willendorf is a perfect example of this. Josef Szombathy, an Austro-Hungarian archaeologist, discovered this work in outside the small Austrian village of Willendorf.
Josef Szombathy, an Austro-Hungarian archaeologist, discovered this work in outside the small Austrian village of Willendorf. Intro duction. Thomas Kuhn coined the modern definition of the word “paradigm” in The Structure of Scientific Revolutions, published in A paradigm, according to Kuhn's definition, is a conceptual model that explains a set of scientific observations, which creates a framework to fit the observations.
History. Nude female figures called Venus figurines are found in very early prehistoric art, and in historical times, similar images represent fertility deities.
Representations of gods and goddesses in Babylonian and Ancient Egyptian art are the precursors of the works of Western antiquity. The Venus of Willendorf Ever since the beginning of the Stone Age around 25, B.C.
and throughout the late classical period in B.C., we can infer and see that both men and women have been portrayed in many ways when viewing particular cultures around the time period.